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Category: Research - Topic: Economics - BEIGE BOOK



Beige Book: Economic Activity expanded at a slight to modest pace
Posted: October 16, 2019 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

The U.S. economy expanded at a slight to modest pace since the prior report as business activity varied across the country. Reports from Districts representing states in the southern and western U.S. generally were more upbeat than Districts representing the Midwest and Great Plains. Household spending was solid on balance: nonauto retail ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity expanded at a modest pace
Posted: September 4, 2019 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

On balance, reports from Federal Reserve Districts suggested that the economy expanded at a modest pace through the end of August. Although concerns regarding tariffs and trade policy uncertainty continued, the majority of businesses remained optimistic about the near-term outlook. Reports on consumer spending were mixed, although auto sales ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity expanded at a modest pace
Posted: July 17, 2019 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Overall Economic Activity
Economic activity continued to expand at a modest pace overall from mid-May through early July, with little change from the prior reporting period. In most Districts, sales of retail goods increased slightly overall, although vehicle sales were flat. Activity in the nonfinancial services sector rose further. ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity expanded at a modest pace
Posted: June 5, 2019 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Overall Economic Activity
Economic activity expanded at a modest pace overall from April through mid-May, a slight improvement over the previous period. Almost all Districts reported some growth, and a few saw moderate gains in activity. Manufacturing reports were generally positive, but some Districts noted signs of slowing activity and a ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity expanded at a slight-to-moderate pace in March and early April
Posted: April 17, 2019 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Overall Economic Activity
Economic activity expanded at a slight-to-moderate pace in March and early April. While most Districts reported that growth continued at a similar pace as the previous report, a few Districts reported some strengthening. There was little change in the outlook among contacts in reporting Districts, with those ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity expanded at a slight-to-moderate pace
Posted: March 6, 2019 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Economic activity continued to expand in late January and February, with ten Districts reporting slight-to-moderate growth, and Philadelphia and St. Louis reporting flat economic conditions. About half of the Districts noted that the government shutdown had led to slower economic activity in some sectors including retail, auto sales, tourism, ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity expanded at a modest to moderate pace
Posted: December 6, 2018 at 02:00 PM (Thursday)

Most of the twelve Federal Reserve Districts reported that their economies expanded at a modest or moderate pace from mid-October through late November, though both Dallas and Philadelphia noted slower growth compared with the prior Beige Book period. St. Louis and Kansas City noted just slight growth. On balance, consumer spending held steady ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity expanded at a modest to moderate pace
Posted: October 24, 2018 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Economic activity expanded across the United States, with the majority of Federal Reserve Districts reporting modest to moderate growth. New York and St. Louis indicated slight growth, overall, while Dallas reported robust growth driven by strong manufacturing, retail, and nonfinancial services activity. On balance, manufacturers reported ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continued to expand at a moderate pace
Posted: September 12, 2018 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the Federal Reserve Districts suggested that the economy expanded at a moderate pace through the end of August. Dallas reported relatively brisk growth, while Philadelphia, St. Louis, and Kansas City indicated somewhat below average growth. Consumer spending continued to grow at a modest pace since the last report, and ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continued to expand moderately
Posted: July 18, 2018 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Economic activity continued to expand across the United States, with 10 of the 12 Federal Reserve Districts reporting moderate or modest growth. The outliers were the Dallas District, which reported strong growth driven in part by the energy sector, and the St. Louis District where growth was described as slight. Manufacturers in all ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity expanded moderately
Posted: May 30, 2018 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Economic activity expanded moderately in late April and early May with few shifts in the pattern of growth. The Dallas District was an exception, where overall economic activity sped up to a solid pace. Manufacturing shifted into higher gear with more than half of the Districts reporting a pickup in industrial activity and a third of the ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continued to expand at a modest to moderate pace
Posted: April 18, 2018 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Economic activity continued to expand at a modest to moderate pace across the 12 Federal Reserve Districts in March and early April. Outlooks remained positive, but contacts in various sectors including manufacturing, agriculture, and transportation expressed concern about the newly imposed and/or proposed tariffs. Consumer spending rose in ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity expand at a modest to moderate pace
Posted: March 7, 2018 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Economic activity expanded at a modest to moderate pace across the 12 Federal Reserve Districts in January and February. Consumer spending was mixed, as non-auto retail sales increased in just over half of the Districts while auto sales declined or were flat in every District. Tourism activity was broadly solid, with Atlanta and Richmond ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continued to expand at a modest to moderate pace
Posted: January 17, 2018 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the 12 Federal Reserve Districts indicated that the economy continued to expand from late November through the end of the year, with 11 Districts reporting modest to moderate gains and Dallas recording a robust increase. The outlook for 2018 remains optimistic for a majority of contacts across the country. Most Districts reported ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continued to increase at a modest to moderate pace
Posted: November 29, 2017 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Economic activity continued to increase at a modest to moderate pace in October and mid-November, according to anecdotal reports from contacts across the 12 Federal Reserve Districts. There was a slight improvement in the outlook among contacts in reporting Districts. Pre-holiday reports of consumer spending on retail and autos were mixed ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity indicates growth split between modest and moderate pace
Posted: October 18, 2017 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from all 12 Federal Reserve Districts indicated that economic activity increased in September through early October, with the pace of growth split between modest and moderate. The Richmond, Atlanta, and Dallas Districts reported major disruptions from Hurricanes Harvey and Irma in some areas and sectors, including transportation, ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continues to expand at a modest or moderate pace
Posted: September 6, 2017 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Economic activity expanded at a modest to moderate pace across all twelve Federal Reserve Districts in July and August. Consumer spending increased in most Districts, with gains reported for nonauto retail sales and tourism, but mixed results for vehicle sales. Capital spending also increased in several Districts. Manufacturing activity ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continues at a modest or moderate pace
Posted: July 12, 2017 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Economic activity expanded across all twelve Federal Reserve Districts in June, with the pace of growth ranging from slight to moderate. In addition, the majority of Districts expected modest to moderate gains in the months ahead. Consumer spending appears to be rising across a majority of Districts, led by increases in nonauto retail sales ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continued to expand at a modest or moderate pace
Posted: May 31, 2017 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Most of the twelve Federal Reserve Districts reported that their economies continued to expand at a modest or moderate pace from early April through late May. Boston and Chicago signaled that growth in their Districts had slowed somewhat to a modest pace since the prior Beige Book period, while New York indicated that activity had flattened ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity expanded equally between modest and moderate
Posted: April 19, 2017 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Economic activity increased in each of the twelve Federal Reserve Districts between mid-February and the end of March, with the pace of expansion equally split between modest and moderate. In addition, the pickup was evident to varying degrees across economic sectors. Manufacturing continued to expand at a modest to moderate pace, although ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity expanded at a modest or moderate pace
Posted: March 1, 2017 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from all twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicated that the economy expanded at a modest to moderate pace from early January through mid-February. Consumer spending expanded modestly since the last report. Retail sales increased at a subdued pace across most of the nation, with a number of Districts noting an ongoing shift from ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continues to expand at a modest pace
Posted: January 18, 2017 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicated that the economy continued to expand at a modest pace across most regions from late November through the end of the year. Manufacturers in most Districts reported increased sales with several citing a turnaround versus earlier in 2016. Growth in the energy industry was mixed; ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continues to expand at a modest or moderate pace
Posted: November 30, 2016 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicate that the economy continued to expand across most regions from early October through mid-November. Activity in the Boston, Minneapolis, and San Francisco Districts grew at a moderate pace, while Atlanta, Chicago, St. Louis, and Dallas cited modest growth. Philadelphia, Cleveland, and ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continues to expand at a modest or moderate pace
Posted: October 19, 2016 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts suggest national economic activity continued to expand during the reporting period from late August to early October. Most Districts indicated a modest or moderate pace of expansion; however, the New York District reported no change in overall activity. Compared with the previous report, the ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continued to expand at a modest pace
Posted: September 7, 2016 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts suggest that national economic activity continued to expand at a modest pace on balance during the reporting period of July through late August. Most Districts reported a "modest" or "moderate" pace of overall growth. However, Kansas City and New York reported no change in activity, ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity shows continued modest economic growth
Posted: July 13, 2016 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicate that economic activity continued to expand at a modest pace across most regions from mid-May through the end of June. Business contacts in Cleveland reported a steady level of activity, while Minneapolis reported that activity increased at a moderate pace. Labor market conditions ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity shows mostly modest economic growth
Posted: June 1, 2016 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Information received from the 12 Federal Reserve Districts mostly described modest economic growth since the last Beige Book report. Economic activity in April through mid-May increased at a moderate pace in the San Francisco District, while modest growth was reported by Philadelphia, Cleveland, Atlanta, Chicago, St. Louis, and ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity activity continued to expand
Posted: April 13, 2016 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts suggest that national economic activity continued to expand in late February and March, though the pace of growth varied across Districts. Most Districts said that economic growth was in the modest to moderate range and that contacts expected growth would remain in that range going ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continues at modest pace
Posted: March 2, 2016 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts continued to indicate that economic activity expanded in most Districts since the previous Beige Book report. Economic growth increased moderately in Richmond and San Francisco and at a modest pace in Cleveland, Atlanta, Chicago, and Minneapolis. Philadelphia reported a slight increase in ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continues at modest pace
Posted: January 13, 2016 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicated that economic activity has expanded in nine of the Districts since the previous Beige Book report and contacts in Boston were described as upbeat. Meanwhile, New York and Kansas City described economic activity in their Districts as essentially flat. Atlanta and San ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continues at modest pace
Posted: December 2, 2015 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

The twelve Federal Reserve District reports indicate that economic activity increased at a modest pace in most regions of the country since the previous Beige Book report. Economic growth was modest in the Districts of Cleveland, Richmond, Atlanta, Chicago, St. Louis, Dallas and San Francisco. In the Minneapolis District the economy ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continues at modest pace
Posted: October 14, 2015 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts point to continued modest expansion in economic activity during the reporting period from mid-August through early October. The pace of growth was characterized as modest in the New York, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Atlanta, Chicago, and St. Louis Districts, while the Minneapolis, Dallas, and ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continues at modest or moderate pace
Posted: September 2, 2015 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicate economic activity continued expanding across most regions and sectors during the reporting period from July to mid-August. Six Districts cited moderate growth while New York, Philadelphia, Atlanta, Kansas City, and Dallas reported modest increases in activity. The Cleveland District ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continues at modest or moderate pace
Posted: July 15, 2015 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

All twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicated that economic activity expanded from mid-May through June. Activity in New York, Philadelphia, and Kansas City grew at a modest pace, while Richmond, Atlanta, Chicago, St. Louis, Minneapolis, Dallas, and San Francisco saw moderate growth. Compared with the previous report, growth remained steady ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continues to expand across most regions
Posted: June 3, 2015 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts suggest overall economic activity expanded during the reporting period from early April to late May. Activity in the Richmond, Chicago, Minneapolis, and San Francisco Districts was characterized as growing at a moderate pace, while the New York, Philadelphia, and St. Louis Districts cited ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continued to expand across most regions
Posted: April 15, 2015 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicate that the economy continued to expand across most regions from mid-February through the end of March. Activity in the Richmond, Chicago, Minneapolis, Dallas, and San Francisco Districts grew at a moderate pace, while New York, Philadelphia, and St. Louis cited modest growth. Boston ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity continued to expand across most regions
Posted: March 4, 2015 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicate that economic activity continued to expand across most regions and sectors from early January through mid-February. Six Districts noted that the local economy expanded at a moderate pace since the prior reporting period. Activity rose modestly in Philadelphia and Cleveland, while ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Continues at a "modest" or "moderate" pace
Posted: January 14, 2015 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts suggest that national economic activity continued to expand during the reporting period of mid-November through late December, with most Districts reporting a "modest" or "moderate" pace of growth. In contrast, the Kansas City District reported only slight growth in December. However, most of ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Continues to Expand
Posted: December 3, 2014 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts suggest that national economic activity continued to expand in October and November. A number of Districts also noted that contacts remained optimistic about the outlook for future economic activity. Consumer spending continued to advance in most Districts, and reports on tourism were ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Continues at Steady Pace
Posted: October 15, 2014 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts generally described modest to moderate economic growth at a pace similar to that noted in the previous Beige Book. Moderate growth was reported by the Cleveland, Chicago, St. Louis, Minneapolis, Dallas, and San Francisco Districts, while modest growth was reported by the New York, ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Continues to Expand at Steady Pace
Posted: September 3, 2014 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicated that economic activity has expanded since the previous Beige Book report; however, none of the Districts pointed to a distinct shift in the overall pace of growth. The New York, Cleveland, Chicago, Minneapolis, Dallas, and San Francisco Districts characterized their growth rates ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Continues to Expand at a Moderate Pace
Posted: July 16, 2014 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

All twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicated that economic activity continued to expand since the previous report. The pace of economic growth was characterized as moderate in New York, Chicago, Minneapolis, Dallas, and San Francisco, while the remaining Districts reported modest expansion. Compared to the previous reporting period, Boston ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Continues to Expand at a Moderate Pace
Posted: June 4, 2014 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

All twelve Federal Reserve Districts report that economic activity expanded during the current reporting period. The pace of growth was characterized as moderate in the Boston, New York, Richmond, Chicago, Minneapolis, Dallas, and San Francisco Districts, and modest in the remaining regions. Compared with the previous report, the pace of ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Continues to Expand at a Modest to Moderate Pace
Posted: April 16, 2014 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts suggest economic activity increased in most regions of the country since the previous report. The expansion was characterized as modest or moderate by the Boston, Philadelphia, Richmond, Atlanta, Minneapolis, Kansas City, Dallas, and San Francisco Districts. Chicago reported that economic ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Continued to Expand at a Modest to Moderate Pace
Posted: March 5, 2014 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from most of the twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicated that economic conditions continued to expand from January to early February. Eight Districts reported improved levels of activity, but in most cases the increases were characterized as modest to moderate. New York and Philadelphia experienced a slight decline in activity, ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Continued to Expand at a Moderate Pace
Posted: January 15, 2014 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts suggest economic activity continued to expand across most regions and sectors from late November through the end of the year. Nine Districts indicated the local economy was expanding at a moderate pace; among these, the Atlanta and Chicago Districts saw conditions improve compared with the ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Continued to Expand at a Modest to Moderate Pace
Posted: December 4, 2013 at 02:07 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicated that the economy continued to expand at a modest to moderate pace from early October through mid-November. Activity in the New York, Cleveland, Richmond, Atlanta, St. Louis, Minneapolis, and Dallas Districts grew at a moderate pace, while Philadelphia, Chicago, Kansas City, and ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Continue to Expand at a Modest to Moderate Pace
Posted: October 16, 2013 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts suggest that national economic activity continued to expand at a modest to moderate pace during the reporting period of September through early October. Eight Districts reported similar growth rates in economic activity as during the previous reporting period, while growth slowed some in ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Continued to Expand at a Modest to Moderate Pace
Posted: September 4, 2013 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts suggest that national economic activity continued to expand at a modest to moderate pace during the reporting period of early July through late August. Eight Districts characterized growth as moderate; of the remaining four, Boston, Atlanta, and San Francisco reported modest growth, and ...


Beige Book: Economic Activity Increase at a modest to moderate pace
Posted: July 17, 2013 at 02:00 PM (Wednesday)

Reports from the twelve Federal Reserve Districts indicate that overall economic activity continued to increase at a modest to moderate pace since the previous survey. Manufacturing expanded in most Districts since the previous report, with many Districts reporting increases in new orders, shipments, or production. Most Districts noted ...



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